This guided tour of the Berlin Wall memorial is a profound lesson in Germany’s history based on the heavily guarded wall that physically and ideologically divided Berlin for 28 years between 1961 and 1989.
The wall was built by the German Democratic Republic (erstwhile East Germany) and served to cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany. Guard towers were placed along the concrete walls alongside which there were wide areas with anti-vehicle trenches, beds of nails and other such defences to prevent people crossing the wall.
Between 1961 and 1989 more than 100,000 people attempted to escape, with over 5000 succeeding to cross the wall. Several stories abound during this period in history with more than 200 people losing their lives.
A series of revolutions in East Germany ultimately resulted in the demise of the wall. Crowds of East Germans climbed over the wall joined by West Germans on the other side amidst much celebration. The fall of the wall paved the way for German reunification on the 3rd of October 1990.
On this tour you will learn about what the border entailed as you visit a reconstructed area of the no-mans-land area along with original parts of the wall that still exist. You will discover, in detail, why the wall was built, stories about the victims and also of successful escapes. The tour ends at the Chapel of reconciliation- a new structure built in the former no-mans-land-area. Using the wall as the background context, you will also gain an insight into the Cold War era.